Endometriotic Cyst

Definition - What does Endometriotic Cyst mean?


An endometriotic cyst is a complication of endometriosis, an illness that causes uterine-like tissue to grow outside of the uterus. Endometriotic cysts are formed when the uterine tissue forms on the exterior of the ovaries. Both endometriotic cysts and endometriosis are illnesses that may complicate or prohibit pregnancy.

Endometriotic cyst are also referred to as endometriosis of the ovaries, endometrioma, or chocolate cysts.

FertilitySmarts explains Endometriotic Cyst

Endometriotic cysts occur when cells from the uterine cavity lining dislodge and travel to the exterior lining of the ovary. These cells enlarge and grow into cysts. The hormonal stimulation that occurs during a standard ovulation cycle may trigger these cysts, causing the production of more cysts, or to cause the cysts to grow in size.

Also known as chocolate cysts, they are named for the dark, thick, old blood that fills them. When this cyst ruptures the thick material flows out into the pelvis. The material may cover the surface of the bladder, bowel, or uterus, as well as the surrounding areas. This may irritate the organs, which in turn leads to pelvic pain and irritation.

Chocolate cysts may be initially identified with a transvaginal ultrasound and a laparoscopy is the preferred method of diagnosis. Treatment of the cysts is based on their overall disruption to a woman’s health, and will typically be prescribed in conjunction to her endometriosis treatment plan. Treatment may include medication or surgical procedures.

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