Definition - What does Embryo Banking mean?
Embryo banking is the process of collecting and fertilizing viable eggs for assisted reproductive treatments (ART), but delaying transfer to the uterus through cryopreservation. Women or couples who want to take advantage of their current fertility state but delay pregnancy may utilize embryo banking.
Embryo banking may also be called embryo stockpiling or staggered in vitro fertilization (IVF).
FertilitySmarts explains Embryo Banking
Embryo banking begins by completing one or more rounds of ovarian stimulation to collect viable eggs from a woman’s ovaries. The retrieved eggs are then fertilized with a sperm sample. At this point they may undergo additional testing, such as preimplantation genetic screening (PGS), to confirm there are no chromosomal issues present. The most viable embryos are then cryopreserved for future embryo transfer.
There are several reasons why individuals or couples may elect for embryo banking:
- Impending cancer treatment
- Family planning
- Upcoming health treatments or surgeries
- Personal or professional choice
- Advanced maternal age
- Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR)