Biophysical Profile (BPP)
Definition - What does Biophysical Profile (BPP) mean?
A biophysical profile is an assessment to measure fetal health during pregnancy. It is commonly done in the third trimester on mothers with high-risk factors, multiple gestation pregnancies, or to help determine if it is time to induce labor.
FertilitySmarts explains Biophysical Profile (BPP)
A biophysical profile (BPP) is made up of 5 assessments, and each receives either 0 or 2 points. The 5 tests are:
- Fetal heart rate reactivity
- Fetal breathing activity
- Large body movements
- Limb or trunk movements
- Amniotic fluid level
A score of 10 is the most reassuring, indicating a reactive heart rate with normal movements and sufficient amniotic fluid. A score between 4 and 8 may indicate that labor should be induced, depending on other factors. A score under 4 is an indication for delivering the fetus because it is not reacting normally.