Biophysical Profile (BPP)

Definition - What does Biophysical Profile (BPP) mean?

A biophysical profile is an assessment to measure fetal health during pregnancy. It is commonly done in the third trimester on mothers with high-risk factors, multiple gestation pregnancies, or to help determine if it is time to induce labor.

FertilitySmarts explains Biophysical Profile (BPP)

A biophysical profile (BPP) is made up of 5 assessments, and each receives either 0 or 2 points. The 5 tests are:

  1. Fetal heart rate reactivity
  2. Fetal breathing activity
  3. Large body movements
  4. Limb or trunk movements
  5. Amniotic fluid level

A score of 10 is the most reassuring, indicating a reactive heart rate with normal movements and sufficient amniotic fluid. A score between 4 and 8 may indicate that labor should be induced, depending on other factors. A score under 4 is an indication for delivering the fetus because it is not reacting normally.

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