Donor Insemination

Definition - What does Donor Insemination mean?

Donor insemination occurs when a woman is injected with sperm from someone other then a partner, who has volunteered his sperm to assist in her pregnancy. Women who do not have a partner, or whose partner is unable to provide sperm, are the most likely users of a donor insemination.

FertilitySmarts explains Donor Insemination

Prior to the procedure, the woman who is set to receive the sperm undergoes a fertility exam to ensure she is healthy and capable of carrying a pregnancy. Fertility awareness education may also be provided. A sperm donor is also subject to evaluation and education. The donor is screened through a series of medical tests, including sexually transmitted diseases, HIV, and genetic disorders.

There are two standard methods of insemination. With intrauterine insemination (IUI) the semen is inserted directly into the uterus. The second method, intracervical insemination (ICI), distributes the semen inside the cervical opening.

Sperm donation can be an emotionally demanding procedure. Those undergoing sperm donation should ensure they have the resources and support needed to undergo the process. Additionally, some clinics may require a psychological evaluation to confirm all parties involved are mentally prepared for the experience and outcome.

The legality of sperm donation is typically addressed by the donation location, which handles the donor’s paperwork forgoing rights to the sample or the future child that results from his donation. However, all parties involved should be clear on the details of their individual arrangement.

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