Definition - What does Dyspareunia mean?
Dyspareunia is genital pain that is experienced either during or after sexual intercourse. Medically, it is not a condition, but a problem correlated with other emotional or medical issues. Experiencing dyspareunia can contribute to difficulty conceiving if engaging in intercourse is too painful or it may be a symptom of other fertility-impacting issues.
FertilitySmarts explains Dyspareunia
Women who experience dyspareunia feel discomfort or pain in the pelvis region which can be either superficial surface pain at the vaginal opening, or a higher degree of pain during deep penetration or forceful entry of penis.
Pain at the vaginal opening can be linked to:
- Lack of lubrication
- Inflammation of the urinary tract
- Allergic reaction (lubricants, condoms)
- Congenital malformations
- Genital herpes
Pain associated with deep penetration may be attributed to:
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Uterine prolapse
- Scaring from pelvic surgery
- Retroverted uterus
- Uterine fibroids
- Ovarian cysts
- Urinary tract infections
Emotional Implications may also be a factor in painful intercourse. Psychological issues, relationship problems, anxiety or depression can be contributing factors. A history of sexual assist may also be a factor.
Treatment depends on any of the above physical conditions which can be controlled by proper treatment. However, for symptoms of dyspareunia due to psychological factors, proper counselling may be beneficial. Pain during intercourse is a legitimate reason to consult a doctor or medical professional.