Endometrial Polyp

Definition - What does Endometrial Polyp mean?

An endometrial polyp is a growth on the uterine wall. The presence of polyps may prohibit conception or endanger pregnancy. Polyps are typically non-cancerous, but may cause adverse side effects. Treatment may be required to avoid recurrent pregnancy loss, miscarriage, and infertility.

An endometrial polyp may also be called a uterine polyp.

FertilitySmarts explains Endometrial Polyp

The lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. The endometrium is a thick layer of nutrient rich tissue and blood. During menstruation, the endometrial lining is shed, and the matter is expelled as menstrual blood. However, a build up of this lining causes endometrial polyps. While there is no proven reason for why overgrowth occurs, hormone levels are thought to play a role.

A polyp attaches itself to the endometrium by a spindly cord, and grows inward into the uterine cavity. The polyp may be as small as a sesame seed or as large as a golf ball. There may be one single polyp or multiple growths.

Symptoms of polyps include:

  • Irregular menstruation
  • Abnormally heavy flow during menstruation
  • Bleeding or spotting in between menstrual periods
  • Recurrent pregnancy loss
  • Infertility

Polyps are diagnosed through a variety of testing measures:

  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Sonohysterography
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Endometrial biopsy
  • Curettage

Polyps are treated depending upon the severity of the growths, including their size, number, and symptoms incurred. Polyps that do not cause aggravating symptoms or infertility may be left alone. However, if period symptoms are severe, cancer is suspected, or the woman is planning to become pregnant, it is likely they will need to be removed. The follow are treatments for polyps:

  • Medication, specifically to balance hormones and relieve symptoms. This is considered a short-term tactic.
  • Hysteroscopy. This diagnostic procedure can also be used as a treatment.
  • Curettage
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