Unexplained Infertility

Definition - What does Unexplained Infertility mean?

Unexplained infertility occurs when standard infertility testing fails to produce a cause for the inability to become pregnant. There are a variety of treatment routes available for those experiencing unexplained infertility.

Unexplained infertility is also called idiopathic infertility, which is the medical term used among physicians to classify this phenomenon.

FertilitySmarts explains Unexplained Infertility

Typically, infertility is defined as a lack of successful conception after a one-year period of attempting conception through intercourse. In women over the age of 35, the time period is adjusted to 6 months. Once this period of time has elapsed, a standard infertility evaluation becomes appropriate.

Standard infertility testing includes:

  • An ovulation assessment
  • Semen analysis
  • Hysterosalpingogram

If these tests fail to produce any abnormal or explanatory results, the diagnostic assignment is unexplained infertility. Approximately 15-30% of infertility cases are consequently diagnosed with unexplained infertility.

A variety of treatment options are available for those experiencing unexplained infertility. These treatment options are customized based on multiple factors, including age, infertility duration, financial resources, etc., and include a range of interventions.

Procedures including intrauterine insemination (IUI), or in vitro fertilization (IVF) are among the options available to address certain cases. However, the most effective strategy for treating unexplained infertility is one based on the unique needs and characteristics of the individual patient.

For those experiencing unexplained infertility, additional testing beyond the standard infertility evaluation may be advised.

Additionally, lifestyle adjustments concerning body mass index (BMI), eating habits, smoking, caffeine and alcohol consumption, and exercise regimens may be examined.

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