Definition - What does Compensated Surrogacy mean?
Compensated surrogacy is an arrangement where a woman is paid financial compensation for carrying a pregnancy, on top of all medical, legal and other expenses. It differs from its counterpart, altruistic surrogacy, where the surrogate volunteers to carry a pregnancy for intended parents out of generosity without getting paid in return. The surrogate does not have a genetic tie to the baby.
Compensated surrogacy is also referred to as commercial surrogacy. Within the surrogacy community, compensated surrogacy is typically the preferred term.
FertilitySmarts explains Compensated Surrogacy
The initial process of compensated surrogacy is similar to other surrogacy arrangements. The intended couple finds a matching surrogate either independently or through a surrogate agency to carry their baby. The surrogate is screened for any medical or psychological problems. After both the parties have agreed to and signed legal contracts, conception will begin.
The intended mother undergoes egg retrieval. The eggs are then fertilized with the sperm of the intended father or donor in a laboratory to create an embryo, which is then transferred into the surrogate. Alternatively, previously frozen embryos may also be used. Typically, as soon as the pregnancy is confirmed, the surrogate starts receiving monetary compensation as per the legal contract. The surrogate will also receive prenatal care as that of a normal pregnancy until the birth of the child. Depending on local laws, the surrogate then relinquishes her parental rights.
Commercial surrogacy is a debatable subject because of ethical concerns. The procedure is banned in some countries including some states of the U.S. Certain commercial surrogacy laws have been proposed to avoid unethical practices, exploitation of surrogate mothers, and abandonment of the born child as well as to protect intended parents.