Definition - What does Gestational Surrogacy mean?
Gestational surrogacy is an arrangement where a woman, referred to as the gestational carrier, carries an embryo for another individual or couple and the resulting baby is genetically unrelated to her.
An embryo is created through in vitro fertilization (IVF) that uses the sperm and eggs retrieved from the intended parents or potentially through a sperm or egg donor. Typically, the most promising embryo(s) is/are then transferred into the gestational surrogate’s uterus.
Gestational surrogacy may also be known as host surrogacy, or IVF surrogacy, or full surrogacy.
FertilitySmarts explains Gestational Surrogacy
Gestational surrogacy may be an option for:
- Women without a uterus
- Women who experience repeated miscarriages
- Women with certain medical conditions such as severe heart or kidney diseases that can pose serious health risks to the mother or the baby
- Gay couples
The intended parents may find the gestational carrier by themselves or work with a professional agency to help them with the arrangement.
Some surrogates receive financial compensation for carrying the pregnancy. This is called commercial or compensated surrogacy. Other women carry a pregnancy without a fee beyond any incurred expenses. This is known as compassionate surrogacy.