Definition - What does Myolysis mean?

Myolysis is a method of treatment of fibroids, a tumor arising from the smooth muscle cells of the uterus, by causing the death of tissue inside the tumor, which ultimately leads to shrinkage of the fibroid. Uterine fibroids can interfere with fertilization of the egg and implantation of the embryo leading to infertility and can cause pregnancy failure. Myolysis is an alternative treatment of uterine fibroids when standard methods of treatment are ineffective or not feasible.

FertilitySmarts explains Myolysis

Fibroids are not cancerous therefore they do not spread to other sites to cause problems. Small fibroids typically do not cause symptoms but as they grow bigger they can lead to painful and heavy menstrual periods, painful intercourse and problems with urination and passing stool due to them pressing on the bladder and bowels.

Uterine fibroids can affect the ability of a woman to naturally conceive due to the blockage of the cervix or the fallopian tube or due to interference with implantation. Large fibroids can also lead to miscarriages, abnormalities in the fetus due to pressure and premature childbirth.

Standard treatment of fibroids includes hormone suppressing medications or surgery to remove the fibroid or the entire uterus. But in the case of an infertile woman who wishes to conceive, some of these methods are not feasible. Myolysis is an alternative treatment strategy that can help women in these kinds of situations.

Myolysis can be performed through open surgery, laparoscopic surgery or with the guidance of imaging like ultrasound and MRI. There are several techniques used in myolysis to achieve tumor death.

  • Using laser beams
  • Using extremely cold probes (gas-cooled cryoprobes)
  • Using heat generated by an electric current
  • Blockage of vessels that supply blood to the fibroids
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