Definition - What does Preconception Testing mean?
Preconception testing involves testing both the female and male partners for blood disorders, infections or genetic diseases prior to conceiving a child, in order to detect conditions that can cause abnormalities in the child or lead to complications during pregnancy.
Early detection of a potential abnormality before pregnancy allows the individual or couple and their healthcare team to anticipate and take necessary actions to potentially treat or prevent such a condition. Preconception testing can also reveal conditions that can be the underlying cause of infertility.
FertilitySmarts explains Preconception Testing
Preconception genetic testing is recommended if one or both partners:
- Having a past history of sexually transmitted infection
- Have not received routine vaccination (eg; rubella)
- Are known to have a genetic disorder
- Are known to be a carrier of a genetic disorder
- Having a family history of genetic disorders
- From a specific ethnic group that is at risk of genetic disorders
Some of the conditions that are routinely tested for in preconception testing include:
|Blood counts||Low red blood cell count, Iron deficiency,|
|Infections||Rubella, Hepatitis, HIV, Syphilis, Herpes|
|Genetically inherited diseases||Cystic fibrosis, Sickle cell anemia, Fragile X syndrome, Spinal muscular atrophy|