Preconception Testing

Definition - What does Preconception Testing mean?

Preconception testing involves testing both the female and male partners for blood disorders, infections or genetic diseases prior to conceiving a child, in order to detect conditions that can cause abnormalities in the child or lead to complications during pregnancy.

Early detection of a potential abnormality before pregnancy allows the individual or couple and their healthcare team to anticipate and take necessary actions to potentially treat or prevent such a condition. Preconception testing can also reveal conditions that can be the underlying cause of infertility.

FertilitySmarts explains Preconception Testing

Preconception genetic testing is recommended if one or both partners:

  • Having a past history of sexually transmitted infection
  • Have not received routine vaccination (eg; rubella)
  • Are known to have a genetic disorder
  • Are known to be a carrier of a genetic disorder
  • Having a family history of genetic disorders
  • From a specific ethnic group that is at risk of genetic disorders

Some of the conditions that are routinely tested for in preconception testing include:

Blood counts
Low red blood cell count, Iron deficiency,
Blood group

Infections
Rubella, Hepatitis, HIV, Syphilis, Herpes
Genetically inherited diseases
Cystic fibrosis, Sickle cell anemia, Fragile X syndrome, Spinal muscular atrophy
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