Clomiphene Citrate

Definition - What does Clomiphene Citrate mean?

Clomiphene citrate is a prescription medication that is used to treat infertility in women who have anovulatory menstrual cycles. An ovulatory stimulant, clomiphene induces ovulation, or the production of an egg, in women who have been diagnosed with infrequent, irregular, or absent ovulation. It can also be used to correct a luteal-phase defect. When taken appropriately, clomiphene may increase a woman’s chance of becoming pregnant.

Clomiphene is also known as clomiphene and by the brand names Clomid, Serophene, Milophene and others.

FertilitySmarts explains Clomiphene Citrate

Clomiphene is prescribed in pill form. It is taken by mouth once a day for a period of five days, beginning on the fifth day of the menstrual cycle. Once taken, the drug causes a series of reactions in the body. The pituitary gland signals for a release of hormones that trigger the discharge of an egg from the ovaries, initiating the fertile period known as ovulation. Ovulation typically occurs within 7-10 days of finishing the five-day course of pills.

Those using clomiphene should be aware of the medication’s side effects. Vision issues, dizziness, and lightheadedness may occur when taking clomiphene, and driving should be avoided if these symptoms are present. Additionally, taking clomiphene may increase the chance of conceiving multiples.

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