Definition - What does Endometrial Implant mean?
An endometrial implant is an abnormal growth endometrial tissue found in any position outside the uterus, such as fallopian tubes, ovaries, intestines, and the outer wall of the uterus.
Endometrial tissue lines the inside of the uterus, which is known as the endometrium. An endometrial implant can develop into a cyst, scar tissue, and in some cases, cancerous lesion. Formation of scar tissue could cause difficulty in getting pregnant.
Endometrial implants are also called endometriosis implant.
FertilitySmarts explains Endometrial Implant
The presence of endometrial implants is a feature of a medical condition called endometriosis. Research shows that infertility is also present in 30 to 50 percent cases of endometriosis, and women who experience infertility are 6 to 8 times more likely to have endometriosis.
Each month, the endometrium thickens in preparation for a potential pregnancy. If an egg is not fertilized, the endometrium sheds itself through the process of menstruation. If a woman has endometriosis, the endometrial tissue outside of the uterus also bleeds during menstruation, but this blood cannot flow out of the body. The endometrial implants get irritated and cause pain. At times, these implants form scar tissue secondary to repeated irritation.
The most common symptoms associated with endometrial implants are abnormal bleeding and pain in the region where the implant has grown - usually the pelvic area. Symptoms are absent in 20-25 percent of patients. The severity of symptoms is age-dependent, symptoms being severe in the 40s. As estrogen levels drop after the childbearing age, the symptoms go away.
The definite cause of endometriosis, and hence the endometrial implants, is unknown. However, studies describe it as an estrogen-dependent condition. Women have high levels of estrogen during their reproductive years, and so endometriosis develops during those years.
Endometriosis is viewed as a chronic disease that requires an individualized treatment plan. Medical, surgical, and a combination treatment is available for symptom relief and is chosen based on symptoms, age, and fertility issues.