Definition - What does Vasectomy Reversal mean?
Vasectomy reversal is the reconnection of the tubes that carry sperm to semen, allowing men to contribute to conception after an initial vasectomy was performed. A vasectomy is the detachment of these tubes, typically performed in order to prevent pregnancy from occurring. While a vasectomy is typically considered a permanent method of birth control, vasectomy reversal allows that procedure to be overturned.
FertilitySmarts explains Vasectomy Reversal
There are two procedures to reverse a vasectomy: a vasoepididymostomy connects the epididymis to the vas deferens, and a vasovastomy reconnects segments of the vas deferens.
A vasectomy reversal is a minor procedure, completed in a hospital or medical clinic, but requiring no overnight stay. The length of the procedure depends on the amount of time since the initial vasectomy was performed, and the exact process of the original procedure. However, on average, vascetomy reversal takes 2-4 hours. Men recovering from the procedure should not participate in sexual activity or masturbation for three weeks.
The risks for vasectomy reversal are minimal but include:
- Build up of fluid in the scrotum
- Injury to the scrotum
Prior to performing a vasectomy reversal, some physicians may require testing to confirm the male patient is still fertile. This may include a surgical sperm retrieval procedure.