Definition - What does Testes mean?

Testes are the pair of sexual organs vital to the male reproductive system. The testes are responsible for producing sperm, the male reproductive cell, and testosterone, the male sex hormones. Certain conditions of the testes, called testicular disorders, may impair or challenge conception. Additionally, physical trauma may damage the testes.

“Testes” is the medical term for testicles.

FertilitySmarts explains Testes

The testes are located in the scrotum, the saggy pouch that hangs behind the penis. During fetal development, the testes grow in the belly. However, once a boy is born, the testicles descend into the scrotum. By the time a man is fully-grown the testes are the size of small eggs. It is common for one testis (singular form) to be slightly larger then the other or to hang slightly lower then the other.

Testicular disorder is the category of abnormalities or conditions that impact the testes. These situations may disrupt a man’s ability to contribute to conception:

  • Testicular cancer
  • Testicular torsion
  • Undescended testicle
  • Epididymitis
  • Hypogonadism
  • Testicular failure
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