Uterine Polyp

Definition - What does Uterine Polyp mean?

A uterine polyp is an abnormal growth of the uterine lining (the endometrium). Polyps may range in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters in diameter, and may be attached directly to the endometrium or, more often, be attached by a thin stalk of tissue. Occasionally a uterine polyp may slip down through the cervical opening to protrude into the vagina, causing cramping. Uterine polyps may affect fertility, but more evidence is needed to be certain.

A uterine polyp may also be know as an endometrial polyp.

FertilitySmarts explains Uterine Polyp

Most uterine polyps are benign (non-cancerous), but they can be cancerous or pre-cancerous. Increased risk of cancerous polyps is associated with age, obesity, and abnormal bleeding. Uterine polyps that are not causing any symptoms may be discovered during fertility examinations. Although the incidence of cancer for uterine polyps is small, removal and testing is best for all but the smallest polyps. Sometimes very small polyps can be monitored and may resolve on their own. Removal of uterine polyps may improve cases of unexplained female infertility, especially prior to intrauterine insemination, but more controlled studies are needed to confirm this observation. If a polyp is cancerous, a hysterectomy may be performed, resulting in infertility.

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