Definition - What does Sterility mean?

Sterility is the inability to become pregnant or contribute to a pregnancy. Sterility is caused by disease, disorder, or dysfunction of the sexual reproductive system. While a diagnosis of infertility indicates that there is a chance an individual could become pregnant, the diagnosis of sterility indicates the body is incapable of doing so. However, in some cases, certain assisted reproductive technologies as well as donor materials may be utilized to conceive a pregnancy.

FertilitySmarts explains Sterility

In men, sterility is a failure to develop or produce sperm. In women, sterility is a lack of egg development. Conditions that may cause sterility include, but are not limited to:

  • Cancer treatments, including chemotherapy or radiation
  • Surgical removal of sex organs
  • Hereditary or genetic disorders or conditions
  • Hormone disorders

It may be possible for a sterile individual or couple to conceive. However, treatment is dependent upon the specifics of an individual’s condition. Possible treatment routes may include the usage of donor sperm, eggs, or embryos, surrogate carriers, gestational carriers, or assisted reproductive technologies.

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