Tubal Ligation (TL)
Definition - What does Tubal Ligation (TL) mean?
Tubal Ligation (TL) is the process of closing a woman's fallopian tubes in order to prevent pregnancy. This process works because it prevents fertile eggs from traveling to the uterus. When sperm is introduced into the uterus there are no eggs present for fertilization, thus preventing pregnancy. This process is more commonly known as having your tubes tide.
FertilitySmarts explains Tubal Ligation (TL)
Tubal Ligation is a surgical procedure completed in a hospital or other medical facility. The abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas and a small incision is made near the bellybutton for the insertion of a laparoscope to allow the surgeon to locate the tubes. Another incision is made near the public bone to burn (cauterize), stitch or clamp the Fallopian tubes shut. Anesthesia or a local or general anesthetic are used to prevent pain.
A tubal ligation is typically considered a permanent procedure, but if clips are used it may be possible to have them removed. When the tubes are cauterized (burned) shut, a microsurgery may be performed to repair them.
The success rate of the surgery is 99% and failures are primarily the result of the fallopian tubes repairing themselves. This non-hormonal method of contraception can be performed during delivery with a c-section or within 48 hours after a vaginal delivery.