Last Updated: December 8, 2018

Definition - What does Hysteroscopy mean?

Hysteroscopy is a procedure in which a small light and camera are guided into the uterus to look for problems. Hysteroscopy may be recommended by doctors to look for causes of infertility, repeated miscarriage, heavy bleeding, or severe pain.

In addition to looking for problems, hysteroscopy can also be used to deliver treatments, such as cauterizing areas that may be bleeding, removing or taking biopsies of fibroids and other growths, and implanting intrauterine devices.

FertilitySmarts explains Hysteroscopy

Hysteroscopy is usually an outpatient procedure, meaning you can go home the same day you have the procedure. Occasionally doctors may recommend that patients undergo general anesthetic, or be kept for observation if uterine problems are suspected.

The procedure involves inserting a small camera and light, and possibly tools to deliver treatment, through the cervix using a special tool. Doctors may also insert sterile saline (water with a salt balance similar to that of blood) or a gas such as carbon dioxide into the uterus to inflate it and make it easier to examine.

Hysteroscopy should not be performed on women who are pregnant, have signs of infection, or known uterine or cervical cancer. This is because hysteroscopy could increase the risk of spreading these diseases to other parts of the body.

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