Intracervical Insemination (ICI)

Definition - What does Intracervical Insemination (ICI) mean?

Intracervical insemination (ICI) is an assisted reproductive technology designed to replicate sexual intercourse through the process of injecting sperm directly into a woman’s cervix. ICI is a non-invasive procedure, most common among single women or same sex couples utilizing donor sperm. ICI is also beneficial in instances where abnormal ejaculation is a concern.

This procedure is also referee to as cervical insemination.

FertilitySmarts explains Intracervical Insemination (ICI)

ICI is one of the oldest forms of assisted reproductive technology. Sperm is injected into a woman’s cervix, mimicking the motion of a penis ejaculating sperm during intercourse. Women undergoing ICI are positioned similar to a pelvic exam. A speculum is inserted in order to gain access to the cervix, and the physician uses a syringe to insert the sperm.

Prior to undergoing the ICI procedure, women must monitor their ovulation status in order to introduce the sperm at the most beneficial time. Some women will be prescribed ovulation stimulation medication to enhance the likelihood of a successful pregnancy, or to control the timing of the conception.

A sperm sample must be provided either by a partner or a donor. For ICI procedures, the sperm may be introduced as washed, meaning the semen has been removed, or unwashed, meaning the semen is still enact. This is dependent upon the woman or couple’s preferences.

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