Dermoid Cyst

Definition - What does Dermoid Cyst mean?

A dermoid cyst of the ovary is a non-cancerous growth derived from germ cells. These cysts take the form of sacs containing cells that have differentiated to form assorted tissues and structures associated with skin. These materials may include hair, teeth, skin, bone, and nerve tissue, as well as fatty secretions. Dermoid cysts do not generally affect fertility or pregnancy.

FertilitySmarts explains Dermoid Cyst

Dermoid cysts usually occur in women of childbearing age. Unless they become very large, rupture, or affect blood flow, they are usually painless and are not considered an emergency. They grow slowly. Because they often produce no symptoms, it is common for them to be discovered during ultrasound exams being conducted for other purposes.

Larger cysts may produce pain or difficulty in urinating due to the pressure of the cyst on nearby organs in the body. Rare but serious complications include torsion of the affected ovary in which its blood supply may be cut off or rupture of the cyst. These complications produce sudden, severe pain and both conditions require immediate medical attention. The majority of dermoid cysts are not dangerous and may be monitored or surgically removed. In some cases, all or part of the ovary may be removed, which diminishes ovarian reserve.

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