Definition - What does Salpingostomy mean?

A salpingostomy is a surgical procedure to remove a blockage from a fallopian tube. A salpingostomy is typically performed in the case of an ectopic pregnancy, where a fertilized egg remains in the fallopian tube, rather than traveling to the uterus.

A salpingostomy should not be confused with a salpingectomy, which is the removal of the entire fallopian tube. Alternatively, the salpingostomy preserves the tube, removing only the ectopic growth.

FertilitySmarts explains Salpingostomy

Once an ectopic pregnancy has been diagnosed, there are several treatment options. The removal of an ectopic pregnancy is time sensitive; the procedure must be completed in order to avoid rupture of the fallopian tube, which could cause extreme blood loss, infertility, and other severe issues.

For some women, ectopic pregnancies may be treated with medicine. However, many cases must be addressed surgically. A salpingostomy is performed by making an incision in the fallopian tube and removing the ectopic growth. Depending on the size of the incision, the tube may be stitched back together or left to heal.

A salpingostomy may be performed through a large incision in the abdomen, called a laparotomy, or a small incision called a laparoscopy. A laparoscopy is a less invasive procedure that requires a shorter recovery time, however, in the instance of an emergency ectopic removal, a laparotomy is usually used.

A salpingostomy is a major procedure that requires anesthesia, a hospital stay, and possible extended recovery time. Additionally, women and couples who knew they were pregnant but unaware of the ectopic condition may experience feelings similar to that of a miscarriage. Appropriate support and resources should be provided when applicable.

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