Definition - What does Unicornuate Uterus mean?
A unicornuate uterus is a condition present from birth where only one half of a uterus develops. A unicornuate uterus may impact a woman’s ability to become pregnant. If pregnant, a unicornuate uterus may lead to complications including the heightened risk of preterm labor, miscarriage, recurrent pregnancy loss, ectopic pregnancy, or cesarean section.
A unicornuate uterus may also be referred to as a single-horned uterus.
FertilitySmarts explains Unicornuate Uterus
During development as a fetus, the two tubes that fuse together to create the uterus fail to form correctly, leaving the individual with what is essentially half of a uterus. The remaining half, along with one fallopian tube, may be nonexistent or can be a small and detached structure called a hemi-uterus.
A unicornuate uterus typically remains undetected until fertility issues arise. However, if a hemi-uterus is present, it may cause pain earlier in life, leading to possible early detection. Due to the constriction of space and the limited function of a unicornuate uterus, successful conception, pregnancy, and full-term deliveries are complicated by the condition.
While there is no cure for a unicornuate uterus, conception and successful pregnancies may be possible. However, consistent monitoring of the pregnancy may be necessary.