Definition - What does Ovulation Disorder mean?
Ovulation disorders are a group of disease conditions that can result in abnormalities in the release of a mature egg from the ovary during a menstrual cycle. Ovulation is a complex series of events that ultimately results in the release of an egg from the ovary, therefore, a disturbance to any part of this process can give rise to ovulation abnormalities.
Women with ovulation disorders either release eggs less frequently or do not release eggs at all. Ovarian disorders commonly lead to infertility and are the underlying cause for 25% of the couples who seek medical care for infertility.
FertilitySmarts explains Ovulation Disorder
For ovulation to occur, reproductive hormones produced by the hypothalamus and the pituitary of the brain have to be in perfect balance. The hypothalamus releases gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) that signals the pituitary gland to secrete follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), the two primary hormones that drive egg maturation and ovulation. Abnormalities in these areas and sometimes emotional stress can alter this axis of hormones causing disorders in ovulation.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is another condition that can cause a hormone imbalance leading to ovulatory disorders.
The eggs in the ovaries need to be healthy and mature properly before they can be released. Sometimes the ovaries age prematurely and run out of eggs or the ovarian tissue gets destroyed by disease conditions like autoimmune disease or cancer treatment. When this happens, even if there is an ideal hormone balance, the ovaries are unable to ovulate.
Exercise, drugs, medications and genetic diseases are some of the other conditions that can interfere with ovulation.