Dictionary HealthFemale Reproductive SystemUterine Fundus Uterine Fundus Reviewed by Dr. Huma Rasheed, MBBS View our Editorial Policy Published: March 24, 2018 What Does Uterine Fundus Mean? The uterine fundus is the dome-shaped uppermost, rounded part of the uterus. The shape and competency of the uterine fundus are assessed when a woman is unable to conceive because uterine fibroids can interfere with the implantation of the embryo within the uterus. The fundal height is also used to determine the progression of pregnancy. Advertisement FertilitySmarts Explains Uterine Fundus The uterine fundus is important for the following reasons: Fibroids The fundas can become occupied by uterine tumors called fibroids that develop from the muscular layer of the uterine wall. Massive tumors cause the uterine fundus to enlarge, displacing it from its normal position. Fundal Height Fundal height is used to estimate fetal growth and development during pregnancy. It is measured by placing a measuring tape or fingers between the top of the woman's uterus to the top of the joint of the pubic bone. It is typically recorded on every prenatal visit. The fundal height loses its accuracy as the pregnancy approaches term. A shorter or longer than normal height may indicate issues with the developing fetus. Shorter height may be due to one of the following reasons: Incorrect estimation of the due date of pregnancy as determined by the first day of the last menstrual period (LMP). This can occur when the woman does not remember the first day of the last LMP Too little fluid in the amniotic sac (oligohydramnios) Fetal descent to the pelvis, which usually occurs two to four weeks prior to delivery Restriction of the growth of the fetus while in the uterus A small fetus On the other hand, a larger height may be secondary to one of the following factors: Pregnant with twins or multiples Error in the calculated due date of pregnancy A diabetic mother with a large fetus Too much fluid in the amniotic sac (polyhydramnios) Birth weight greater than the 90th percentile at birth Breech baby Abnormal fertilized egg or enlargement of tissue from the placenta as seen in molar pregnancy Advertisement Share This Term> Related Terms Last Menstrual Period Related Reading 14 Onesies that Celebrate IVF Babies IVF Pregnancy Announcements Fertility Podcasts Relatable Words After a Miscarriage Let’s Stop Arguing About Whether or Not Stress Causes Infertility Books About Infertility Tags Trying Uterine Issues Pregnancy Health Female Reproductive System Difficulty Uterus Fibroids and Polyps Trending Articles Pregnancy IVF Pregnancy Announcements Egg Retrieval From Eggs to Blastocysts: Understanding IVF Attrition Cervical Mucus Identifying Stages of Cervical Mucus Artificial Insemination (AI) Implantation Calendar: What is Happening During the Two Week Wait?