Intravaginal Insemination (IVI)
Definition - What does Intravaginal Insemination (IVI) mean?
Intravaginal insemination (IVI) is a procedure where sperm is placed into a woman’s vagina with hopes of achieving pregnancy. It is a convenient, economical, and painless procedure.
When sperm is placed near the cervix it is referred to as intracervical insemination.
FertilitySmarts explains Intravaginal Insemination (IVI)
IVI can be used for couples where the male partner is unable to ejaculate during sexual intercourse but the female partner is able to ovulate either naturally or with the help of fertility medications. IVI is not an ideal option for women with irregular ovulation. The procedure is also done in women whose vaginal muscles are in spasm and sexual penetration is painful. It can also be used with surrogacy and donor insemination.
IVI involves inserting the sperm around the time of ovulation as checked by the surge in luteinizing hormone (LH). If the male partner has difficulty ejaculating, the sample can be surgically retrieved. Donor sperm can also be used.
Next, a syringe or cervical cap mode can be used to place the sperm into the vagina (or cervix).
Syringe method: A sterile syringe is filled with the sperm sample. This syringe is then gradually inserted into the vagina and the sample dropped close to the cervix.
Cervical cap insemination: The cervical cap is filled with the sperm sample. The cap is then advanced into the vagina after shaping it into a half. The cap remains in place for two to three hours, so that the sperm has ample time to pass up to the uterus.
It is argued that the more common type of artificial insemination called IUI (or intrauterine insemination) may have better pregnancy outcomes than IVI because of higher success rates. However, the success rates of the two types of insemination vary with the individual case.