Definition - What does Submucosal Fibroid mean?
Submucosal fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develop below the lining of the endometrium, which is the top layer of the uterus. These fibroids stick out into the uterine cavity.
While there are several types of uterine fibroids, submucosal fibroids are unique for the location of their growth and the symptoms they incur. Of all uterine fibroids, submucosal fibroids are the least common, comprising just 5% of all cases. A complication of fibroids is infertility or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL).
FertilitySmarts explains Submucosal Fibroid
Fibroids rarely cause noticeable symptoms. However, submucosal fibroids in certain locations, numbers, or size may incur:
- Abnormal periods that are long or heavy
- Severe cramping during periods
- Bleeding in between periods
- Frequent urination, bladder pressure
- Abdominal pain
There are a variety of treatments for submucosal fibroids, depending on the repercussions of their symptoms and a woman's interest in becoming pregnant. Treatment may include medical or surgical options based on the size, location, and number of fibroids. However, once fibroids appear, it is possible they may grow back over time. Additionally, the removal procedure may incur additional fertility complications. Prior to any fibroid removal procedure, a woman should be aware of the possible outcomes.