Definition - What does Cervicitis mean?

Cervicitis is the infection and inflammation of the cervix, the organ that acts as a barrier between the vagina and the uterus. If untreated, cervicitis may lead to infection throughout a woman’s reproductive system. This may result in complications that cause infertility. However, cervicitis is typically treatable through medication.

FertilitySmarts explains Cervicitis

The most common causes of cervicitis are:

  • STIs, including:
    • Chlamydia,
    • Gonorrhea
    • Genital herpes virus
    • Tricomoniasis
    • Human papilloma virus
  • Allergic reaction to latex found in condoms
  • Chemical exposure
  • Introduction of foreign object including cervical cap, diaphragm, or sex toy

Symptoms of cervicitis include:

  • Vaginal bleeding after intercourse
  • Abnormal bleeding between periods
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Pressure or pain of pelvic or vagina

In order to diagnose cervicitis, a pelvic exam is conducted. Signs of the condition include noticeable discharge in the vagina or at the cervix, redness of the cervix, or swelling within the vagina. A pap test may be completed, along with other tests for STIs. Treatment of cervicitis depends on the cause. Antibiotics are used to treat an infection, and if other STIs are involved, medication will be prescribed to address their individual conditions.

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