Uterine Biopsy

Definition - What does Uterine Biopsy mean?

Uterine biopsy is the removal of a piece of tissue from the lining of the uterus, known as the endometrium. A uterine biopsy is typically performed as a diagnostic procedure, used in understanding uterine disorders, and diagnosing infertility conditions. The biopsy is an out patient procedure that involves minimal discomfort and requires no recovery time.

A uterine biopsy may also be called an endometrial biopsy.

FertilitySmarts explains Uterine Biopsy

Circumstances that typically warrant uterine biopsies include:

  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Endometriosis (an abnormal uterine condition)
  • Endometriotitis (an infection of the uterus)
  • Infertility with suspected uterine abnormalities
  • Hormone testing
  • Cancer screenings

The uterine lining is accessed through the vagina. Similar to a pelvic exam, a woman lays on an exam table with her feet in stirrups. Her cervix is opened with a clamp and a small device is inserted into the uterus. The device may be a tube containing a thin wire, a suction, or a brush and jet of water. Once the sample is collected and tube is removed, the test is complete. The procedure is typically ten to twenty minutes long. Following the test, light vaginal bleeding and mild cramping may occur. There is a low risk of complications, however infection is possible.

Uterine biopsies cannot be completed during a woman’s menstrual period or during pregnancy.

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