Test-Tube Baby

Definition - What does Test-Tube Baby mean?

“Test-tube baby” is a slang term applied to a baby conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF), where an egg is fertilized with sperm outside of the body in a laboratory setting, and the resulting embryo is then implanted in a uterus. This term originated in the mid 20th century, when the assisted reproductive technology (ART) was initially developed to treat infertility.

FertilitySmarts explains Test-Tube Baby

The first child born as a result of IVF occurred in 1978. Originally, the treatment was considered controversial. However, since that time, IVF has become a leading treatment for infertility, and over 5 million children have been born as a result. Robert Edward, the scientist credited with developing IVF, was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize in 2010.

Test-tube baby may be considered an offensive to individuals who feel that the term enforces a perception that the conception of a child through ART is "unnatural" or somehow lesser than a child conceived through intercourse.

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