Definition - What does Hyperovulation mean?

Hyperovulation is the development and release of more then one egg per ovulation cycle. While this may occur naturally, it is most common during infertility treatments. The use of hormonal medications, designed to induce the production multiple eggs, can increase the chances of successful infertility procedures or conception via intercourse. Hyperovulation leads to an increased chance of a multiple pregnancy.

FertilitySmarts explains Hyperovulation

Ovulation is the process of developing and releasing an egg in preparation for fertilization. Eggs are developed inside of the ovary, where they are contained in small sacs called follicles. Typically, one follicle develops one egg per cycle

Hyperovulation occurs through the use of hormonal fertility drugs, called ovulation induction (OI) medication. These medications increase the number of follicles developed per cycle, prompting multiple egg release. In the early stages of infertility treatments, these medications may be taken to coincide with sexual intercourse. However, in more advanced treatments, they may be taken as a component of assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments.

Biologically, it is possible to experience hyperovulation. A hereditary gene, called the “twin gene,” increases the chance of dual egg release. It is called the twin gene as it facilitates the conception of fraternal twins.

The rise in the use of fertility treatments has increased the number of twins or multiple births. Since the 1980s, the number of twins born has doubled; the number or triplets or higher has quadrupled.

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