If found, underlying conditions should be treated. For example, men with varicoceles may benefit from a varicocelectomy while men with endocrine problems should be treated for their condition.
However, if spontaneous pregnancy is not achieved following the treatment, or OAT persists, assisted reproductive technology (ART) including intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF), including intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI, are likely to be necessary.
General ways to increase the quality of sperm include:
Avoiding toxins such as alcohol, tobacco, and drugs
Avoiding excessive heat in the scrotal area
A healthy lifestyle (including exercise and health diet), especially if the male is overweight
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Male idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia.